Horse riding activities started very early, right from the time people domesticated horses used to ride. Horses are considered domesticated from the vast plains of Central Asia. There is concrete evidence that the horse was ridden by antiquity in the Bronze Age Botai culture, circa 3600-3100 BC. The earliest evidence shows that the first horse was ridden around 3500 BC where evidence from horse skull bones was found in Kazakhstan.
After being domesticated and trained, horses were used for riding in the fighting wars of that time. Among the relics found, the ancient Egyptians knew how to ride horses 2,000 years ago. However, at that time, they only rode uneasily and did not know how to control the horse. They sat on the horse’s back or slanted to the back of the chest because at that time many horses were not strong enough to sit on their backs. It was not until the eighth century BC, after crossing many different horse breeds, people had a horse breed good enough to ride and flexible enough to use bows and arrows when moving.
In Europe, the art of horse riding developed early in Ancient Greece and became known worldwide through ancient bibliographies.
On Horseman ‘records the Codex of the writer Xenophon (430–345 BC), originally from the cavalry class of the Roman citadel. The Greek Olympic Games also included horse racing. By the Renaissance, in Italy, there was a trend of reviewing Xenophon’s remarks about Equestrianism and from there, it was rooted in modern European equestrian art. Thus, horse riding, as a noble sport originating from Europe, existed for centuries.
In the 18th century, a Frenchman by the name of Francois Robichon de la Guerinière was considered the beginning of modern equestrianism because he specialized in methods of training the equestrian art. Then, in the nineteenth century, a German, Gustav Steinbrecht, credited the basic postures and movements of modern equestrian art in Germany. Through the process of advocacy and development of equestrian art in Europe has spread to the world, leading to the emergence of many associations of horse racing and art horse riding.