Differences between English Riding and Western Riding

English riding

English riding reflects the lifestyles of the European aristocracy, so the riding movements are very precise, look gentle but very serious and breathtaking, delicate and noble. To show the spirit of respect for rituals, etiquette and courtesy. The English Riding players always attach great importance to sitting upright posture, face serious, calm, holding hands to control the horse with subtle, detailed movements in each step or stance.

In English Riding’s horse control technique, it also uses the form of holding the reins with one hand through Polo or parade rites of cavalry teams. This is a fairly typical combination as these techniques are also prevalent in the West. Players tend to lean forward in the basic horseshoe pose invented from the Italian Cavalry Caprili School around the beginning of the twentieth century.

At the same time, even when they appear in public places, the English Riding players are all dressed up. Men often wear evening dress, bowler hat or military uniform with a shoulder strap. The women also wear a long dress with flowers attached to the chest and a wide-brimmed hat. When competing in horseback riding to overcome obstacles, the English Riding players wore Tuxedo shirts, tight white pants, boots and safety hats. Meanwhile, in the Art Horse Riding subject, you wear a tailcoat or evening gown, tight white pants, turtleneck shoes and a felt hat with a protruding brim.

Tuxedo comes in two types, red and black, but most often players use black shirts. Costumes are considered quite demanding and sophisticated in genuine British-style shows.

Western Riding

Western Riding expresses more liberal and adventurous.These are the long distance horse control techniques that were born from the cowboys during the American neo-continental reclamation through the form of farming, cultivation and animal husbandry.

The Western Riding players’ costumes also have the style of dusty and daring western cowboys. In order to maintain fitness for a long time sitting on horseback, Western Riding uses a hard saddle that has a block in the front and does not tie the reins so that the horse’s head can move freely for easy easy to balance horse horse and can coordinate handling difficult situations. This is the basis of Western Riding that differentiates the English school from the fact that it does not put pressure directly on the mouth from the reins, but only controls the horse by touching the horse’s neck with the reins.

Horse riding in China: The process of introduction and development (part 2)

Horsemanship magazine also emphasized that China lacks the team of experts, trainers and veterinarians serving this sport. China has seen a huge increase in the world in equestrianism and its market in general. Interest in horses and related sports over the past 10 or 5 years has also increased dramatically. The competitions open up so much, people can participate and prove their skill.

Horse sales have increased, especially horses imported from abroad. Despite the real fascination of horse racing in China, business deals between European sellers and Chinese buyers have dented confidence in the international market. Typically buyers in China try to bargain to buy, at the last minute cancel the deal and the contract even lost interest after the horse was on its way to China. The seller paid thousands of dollars for shipping.

In favor of the American Quarter, a horse that specializes in a quarter mile race to China, the market for these horses has grown over the years, particularly Saddlebred and Standardbred. Those varieties have had a steady increase over the past 3 or 4 years. But the general direction is that the market will not expand unless there is more training and help for the clubs and more races from which there will be more horse shows, making it easier for everyone to participate. And this is fun, not just money. Horse dealers say the market will only expand as tastes on the sport increase.

The County Down Club in the suburbs of Shanghai was the first exclusive member club in China devoted to horse riding and fox hunting. The club takes its name from a county in Northern Ireland. Here, horsehoes were lined up neatly on the carpet, pictures of the hungry hounds on the fox hunt hung on the walls, fountains radiating from the mouths of the stone horses. County Down has dozens of horses and is at the forefront of promoting equestrian sports in China. Clubs are not only a place for entertainment but also for socializing. County Down has around 80 members with an annual membership fee of 58,000 yuan ($ 8,400). One of the benefits of the club is that its members can leverage each other. This allowed the members to interact outside of China, such as sending the members hunting foxes with European nobility.

Another event is the establishment of Wonder Horse, which provides horse-related products and services in Shanghai. This industry is growing for two main reasons. Chinese parents consider horse-riding a subject for the elite. It will help their children stand out more in highly competitive Chinese society. For adults, participation in equestrian sport can help them expand into broader aspects such as ownership, investment, travel, leisure, and social activities. More than just a sport, it’s been a new experience for the Chinese in recent times.

The water town of Pegasus with hotels, art galleries and shopping centers with Venetian-style gondolas all features a horse theme. There is also a horse riding club and the Horse Culture Museum. The town has more than 400 horses of dozens of breeds imported from around the world. Tourists line up long for horse-cart trips at a resort in Jiangsu, west of Shanghai. Once a week, purebred horses will parade and perform in front of a crowd in a luxurious arena designed in the Austro-Hungarian style. Including the repertoire, the girls sat in a white carriage, dressed in white robes and in a sparkling tiara that looked like the scene at an English royal wedding.

Horse riding in China: The process of introduction and development (part 1)

Equestrian clubs are booming in China to meet the aristocratic needs of the country’s elite. Equestrian sports has grown rapidly in China within 5 to 10 years, which is a change in perception. The number of Chinese participating in sports such as horseback riding is increasing as the development of the world’s second largest economy gives people the disposable income to pursue leisure activities. More and more Chinese are interested in horseback riding and horse events. The rise in luxury goods sales across Asia is due in part to the rise of a middle class in China.

Among the special luxury items favored by some wealthy Chinese are the owners of horses. This lifestyle associated with the hobby has become a new symbol of social status among a small but growing group in mainland China. Mao Zedong once banned horse racing and saw it as a hobby from the disgraceful capitalist regime. More than 60 years later, horse racing schools, soccer fields and equestrian clubs are opening businesses in Chinese cities. The number of horses imported from abroad increased rapidly with the construction of facilities for the sport and the sale of equipment, along with equestrian equipment.

Currently China has 300 horse racing clubs and 25 racecourse. The developer of a $ 2 billion horse project in Tianjin called Tianjin Equine Culture City, will build 4,000 horse stables, the latest horse veterinary hospital, 150 training and training offices. horse training, racecourse and club, and horse racing college. This facility is under construction. According to the annual report of Horsemanship magazine, there were 1,802 riding clubs in China as of July 2017, double the number in 2016.

According to Horsemanship magazine, most of the clubs are concentrated in Northern and Eastern China, especially Beijing and Shanghai. With the Chinese government announcing in 2014 that equestrian sports will be strongly supported, this trend is likely to continue. Even French President Emmanuel Macron came to China to bring the gift of a horse cavalry of the French Guards to Chinese President Xi Jinping.

A Short Brief of The History of Horse Riding

Horse riding activities started very early, right from the time people domesticated horses used to ride. Horses are considered domesticated from the vast plains of Central Asia. There is concrete evidence that the horse was ridden by antiquity in the Bronze Age Botai culture, circa 3600-3100 BC. The earliest evidence shows that the first horse was ridden around 3500 BC where evidence from horse skull bones was found in Kazakhstan.

After being domesticated and trained, horses were used for riding in the fighting wars of that time. Among the relics found, the ancient Egyptians knew how to ride horses 2,000 years ago. However, at that time, they only rode uneasily and did not know how to control the horse. They sat on the horse’s back or slanted to the back of the chest because at that time many horses were not strong enough to sit on their backs. It was not until the eighth century BC, after crossing many different horse breeds, people had a horse breed good enough to ride and flexible enough to use bows and arrows when moving.

In Europe, the art of horse riding developed early in Ancient Greece and became known worldwide through ancient bibliographies.
On Horseman ‘records the Codex of the writer Xenophon (430–345 BC), originally from the cavalry class of the Roman citadel. The Greek Olympic Games also included horse racing. By the Renaissance, in Italy, there was a trend of reviewing Xenophon’s remarks about Equestrianism and from there, it was rooted in modern European equestrian art. Thus, horse riding, as a noble sport originating from Europe, existed for centuries.

In the 18th century, a Frenchman by the name of Francois Robichon de la Guerinière was considered the beginning of modern equestrianism because he specialized in methods of training the equestrian art. Then, in the nineteenth century, a German, Gustav Steinbrecht, credited the basic postures and movements of modern equestrian art in Germany. Through the process of advocacy and development of equestrian art in Europe has spread to the world, leading to the emergence of many associations of horse racing and art horse riding.